- Anti-war organization formed in the 1930s by the Communist Left
The World Congress Against Imperialist War (WCAIW) was a peace organization formed in the 1930s by the Communist Left to protest American, British and French "militarism," and to prevent the Western powers from arming to stop Adolph Hitler. Its chief objective was to protect Stalin and to pressure the West to rely exclusively on negotiation and other failed measures for securing peace. The WCAIW once passed a resolution which read, "Each of us have pledged and sworn to fight with all our force and with all the means at our command against imperialist capitalism … against armaments, against war preparations, and in consequence against the governments ruling us."
The WCAIW first met in July 1932 in Amsterdam, where it was convened by French writers Henri Barbusse, a devoted Stalinist, Willi Muenzenberg, a member of Lenin's inner circle in pre-revolutionary Zurich, Romain Rolland, a renowned socialist; and American novelist Theodore Dreiser, who later joined the Communist Party.
The WCAIW's American sister organization was the Committee for the World Congress Against War.