- Longtime Libyan judge/justice minister who opposed the policies of President Muammar Kadhafi
- In 2011 he became chairman of a newly formed National Transitional Council that eventually unseated Kadhafi.
- Seeks to impose Sharia Law on Libya
- Believes that Islamic terrorism stems
from the perception that Europe and the U.S. are "against"
in the eastern Libyan city of Bayda in 1952,
Mustafa Mohammed Abdul
Jalil studied Law and Sharia at the University of Libya. After
completing his studies in 1975,
he worked as an attorney in the office of Bayda's public prosecutor
before becoming a judge in 1978. In 2002, Jalil was
president of Libya's Court of Appeal. From the start of his professional career in the field of jurisprudence, Jalil was a devoted Islamist guided by a deep commitment to the dominion of strict Sharia law over all aspects of Libyan life. He was considerably more committed to this objective than was Kadhafi.
his tenure as a judge, Jalil developed a reputation
for ruling consistently against the government of Muammar Kadhafi. In
an effort to persuade Jalil to adopt a more favorable view of the regime,
President Kadhafi's son, Saif al-Islam, appointed Jalil as Libya's minister
of justice in 2007. That strategy failed, however. In a televised
speech to Libya's General People's Congress (GPC) in January
2010, Jalil publicly denounced President Kadhafi and declared
his intent to resign due to the regime's “excessive use of
violence against unarmed protesters”; its continued detention of
some 300 political prisoners despite court rulings that had acquitted
them: and its inappropriate release of violent inmates who had been sentenced to
death. Kadhafi, in turn,
Jalil for his remarks at the GPC and rejected
his resignation, preferring
instead to fire him on his own terms and at a time of his own choosing.
In February 2011, Kadhafi dispatched Jalil to the
eastern Libyan city of Benghazi to
deal with the beginnings of a popular
uprising against the regime. After witnessing government forces shooting and detaining peaceful demonstrators, however, Jalil formally resigned
his post as justice minister and, within days, became chairman
of a newly formed National Transitional Council (NTC) that aimed to
unseat Kadhafi and seize the reins of power.
22, 2011, Jalil said he could definitively prove that Kadhafi had personally ordered the 1988
of Pan Am Flight 103, which exploded over the Scottish town of
Lockerbie and killed 243 people.
At a February 24 meeting of
opposition politicians, former military officers, and tribal leaders
in Bayda, Jalil announced
that the NTC would conduct no talks with Kadhafi and called for the president
to step down immediately. Meanwhile, Kadhafi had placed a
bounty on Jalil's head.
In late August 2011, as the NTC
was establishing military dominance in Tripoli, Jalil
that Libya would hold free elections eight months later, and that
Kadhafi would be apprehended and tried in Libya instead of being handed over to an
international court. “The Kadhafi era is over,” said
Jalil, “even if it will only really end with his capture and his
conviction for the crimes he has committed.”
October 23, 2011 – three days after NTC forces had captured and killed President Kadhafi – Jalil
not only that Sharia law would become the “basic source” of
legislation in Libya, but also that any existing laws which were deemed
inconsistent with the teachings of Islam would be nullified.
Of particular concern to the United States and its Mideast interests are the contents of a leaked
from January 2010, in which American ambassador Gene Cretz wrote
that Jalil had “noted that many Libyans are still 'concerned' about
the [U.S. government's] support for Israel, and that terrorism stems
from the perception that Europe and the U.S. are 'against'